The colours of Belgium and its national light blue cycling jersey

The colours of Belgium and its national light blue cycling jersey

Belgium is an unusual place, a country split between two languages, different religions and separate governments with a long history of argumentation. But we all agree the two best things of Belgium are beer and cycling (yes, in that order).

Cycling in Belgium is a real obsession.

A little history…

The Belgian Flag (in Dutch: Vlag van België) is a tricolour made up of three vertical bands of equal size: Black, Yellow and Red (always in that order!).

To find out the origins of it we have to dig back in history a fair way back.

Belgium is a very ancient nation, in case you are wondering… more than 2000 years old. For many centuries, Belgium was part of the Netherland and the colours of its Flag were taken from the Flag of Brabant, a province of the so called Low Countries.

If you never heard of the The Flag of Brabant, you have definitely seen it as it is probably the most known flag associated to Belgian Cycling! It was a golden or yellow lion climbing the hoist and was displayed on a black surface. The tongue and nails of the lion were red. It also featured the arms of the Kingdom of Belgium.

Flag of Brabant belgium lion of flanders

It wasn’t until 1815 that the Netherland and Belgium were united to form one country, ruled by King William I. The king was passionately devoted to the preservation of a single state (beneficial to the Belgians) but he was also a Protestant King and the Liberals and Catholics of Belgium demanded more freedom.

The Netherland slowly began to rule over Belgium while Belgian citizens fought for the freedom under a flag with horizontal rather than vertical bands. These colors became their symbol of freedom and independency.

It wasn’t until September 1830 that King William’s troops were expelled from Belgium and a month later Belgium finally became a separate country from the Netherland.

In the same year, a congress was elected to design a new flag, in a sign of freedom they kept the same colors but used a vertical striped pattern. This new flag became the official Flag of Belgium in January 1831 and it is still standing.

 Flags of Belgium

New and old flags of belgium. The first one is the one currently in use, the second one with horizontal stripes is the first tricolour belgian flag from 1830.


The flag in cycling…

How was the National Flag adopted in cycling?

Cycling in Belgium goes back a very long way, we need a separate article to talk in depth about the history of cycling in Belgium. The Royal Belgian Cycling Association was formed in 1889 and soon after cycling became one of Belgium’s National Sports.

The first Belgian Cycling National Championship was held in 1894 (women’s race 1959) and was won by Leon Houa (also known for winning the first 3 editions of the Liege-Bastogne-Liege). We don’t know exactly when the first Belgian jersey was used for the winner but we know that since the early days a symbolic jersey was awarded to the winner of the race. The jersey known is dutch as: Driekleur trikot is an emblematic cycling jersey awarded to the winner of the road race, time trial race and also cyclo-cross race.

Belgian national Jersey in cycling Driekleur trikot

The road race champion can wear it in any race except races rode as a national team and time trials. The Time Trial winner can only wear it in time trial stages. Neither would be worn if the rider is a leader of a classification in a stage races.

The jersey design reflects the Belgian national flag and has a black upper, a gold centre band and a red lower section.

Up to here it all seems clear but where does the Belgian Blue used by the National Team come from?

Confusion starts…

Well, to be completely honest no one really knows. In fact, there are several theories and we have dug deep in history to find out but there is no 100% sure facts. The most safe theory is the one associated to the Alcyon Motorcycle brand (reference

Alcyon was a French motorcycle manufacture that since the early years of cycling played a vital role in sponsoring teams and the best Belgian riders.

Alycon motorcycle 1933

Alycon Motorcycle (1933) in belgian light blue

We have some documentation of early Alcyon Motorcycle painted in light blue and we also know for a fact that bicycle were back then (early 1900) made by or named after their sponsor. So the Alcyon cycling team used to ride light blue Alcyon branded bicycles and the first Tour de France Belgian winner (Odiel Defraeye, 1912) won on a light blue Alcyon bike.

Did the Alcyon team have a main influence over the light blue used by the Belgian National Cycling Team? We don’t know, the brand does not exist anymore since the ‘60s (it slowly died after it was bought by Peugeot) but their light blue lives on the Teams National jersey. 

Alycon bicycle in belgian blue

Alycon bicycle (1910)... maybe the first belgian blue bike?

Do you think it had an impact over it? In all honesty, all we know is that we love the Belgian national blue jersey and we don’t really care where it comes from! It is part of our history and that can’t be changed.

The important thing is that what you wear on your bike should inspire you and truly attest your cycling passion. Wearing a Belgian jersey means that you will feel stronger, fitter and last but not least, it will make you turn some heads. The Belgian Crew (aka Belgian Boys Club) is not like any other brand, we are unique and committed. Joying our crew means you love cycling, and everything associated to it. We will not ‘grow your balls’, but we will make you feel Tom Boonen and look cool!

Join the Belgian Crew, possibly in light blue!